瑞典

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LocationSweden.png
首都 斯德哥尔摩
货币 Swedish Krona (SEK)
人口 9,875,000 (2016 Census)
电力系统 230V/50Hz (European plug)
国家区号 +46
时区 UTC +1
语言 Swedish, large Finnish speaking minority
紧急电话 112
驾驶方向
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瑞典王国 (瑞典文:Konungariket Sverige 發音(帮助·信息))是一个位于斯堪的纳维亚半岛的北歐国家,首都为斯德哥尔摩。它西鄰挪威,东北与芬兰接壤,西南濒临斯卡格拉克海峡和卡特加特海峡,東邊為波罗的海與波的尼亞灣。瑞典丹麦德国波兰俄罗斯立陶宛拉脫維亞爱沙尼亚隔海相望,於西南通过厄勒海峽大桥与丹麦相连

了解[编辑]

歷史[编辑]

瑞典王國位於北歐,與丹麥和挪威同屬於斯堪地納維亞半島。瑞典是現今世界中,社會進步、經濟強大的國家,它的早期歷史可在薩迦文學中發現,這也是第一本記載有關瑞典傳奇國王的文學。雖然對於王國的形成沒有確切的年代記載,但是隨著時光推移,合作關係薄弱的維京酋邦們漸漸統一了瑞典人民。瑞典在偉大崇敬的國王兼將領古斯塔夫二世·阿道夫帶領之下,在17世紀時國力進入強盛時期,軍事和政治力都達到巔峰。

地理[编辑]

瑞典國土從南方的波羅的海延伸進入北方的北極圈,就位於北歐五國的挪威和芬蘭之間。它是個叢林茂密的國家,大部分的國土都在原生的松樹、雲杉和樺樹的覆蓋之下。瑞典的東岸有相當豐富的漁資源,這是瑞典從古至今漁業發展的基礎。

氣候[编辑]

雖然瑞典從南至北氣候有相當大的差異性,但它的整體氣候與鄰國相比是出奇的乾燥。

地区[编辑]

There are three traditional lands of Sweden, further divided into 25 provinces, landskap, which make up the cultural identity. The provinces mostly coincide with the 20 counties, län, the mid-level political entities. The municipality, kommun, is the bottom-level political entity, typically containing a town or a city, with surrounding countryside. Some municipalities used to hold city (stad) privileges, and still style themselves as such, though there is no legal distinction. Most municipalities have their own visitor centre.

瑞典分区
诺尔兰Norrbotten County, Västerbotten County, Västernorrland County, Jämtland County and Gävleborg County
The sparsely populated, northern part of the country, spanning more than half of Sweden. Lots of wilderness, with forests, lakes, great rivers, enormous marshes and tall mountains along the border to Norway. Great for hiking and winter sports.
斯韦阿兰Dalarna, Närke, Värmland, Södermanland, Stockholm County, Uppsala County and Västmanland
The central part of the country, with cities such as Stockholm, Uppsala and Örebro, and a heritage of mining and metallurgy.
约塔兰Blekinge, Småland, Öland, Östergötland, Halland, Västergötland, Bohuslän and Dalsland
Götaland has a lot to offer to the visitor from Medieval cities to amusement parks and two large lakes.
斯堪尼亚 (Skåne)
Sweden's breadbasket and gateway to Central Europe, with a Danish heritage.
哥特兰岛
Once an independent nation, possibly the cradle of the legendary Goths, this limestone island is unlike any other place in Sweden.
斯堪的纳维亚山脉

城市[编辑]

  • 斯德哥尔摩是瑞典的首都,最大的城市,它被很多岛屿环绕。
  • 哥德堡 (Göteborg) is a port and industrial city on the west coast, second in size.
  • Karlskrona has been the base for Sweden's navy since the 17th century.
  • 基律纳 is Sweden's northernmost city; a rather unusual place, known for a large mine, a space flight centre, and the Jukkasjärvi ice hotel.
  • 林雪平 is Sweden's fifth city, with a large university.
  • 马尔默, with a quarter million inhabitants, is connected to the Danish capital Copenhagen by the Öresund Bridge.
  • Umeå is a university city in Norrland.
  • 乌普萨拉 is a lively pretty university city with Viking age heritage, the fourth largest city in Sweden.
  • Visby is the only city on the Gotland island, a Medieval centre of commerce with an impressive city wall.
  • Örebro is an industrial city with an impressive Medieval castle.

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通讯[编辑]

国家条目大纲条目,需要更多内容。它有条目模板,但是目前没有充足的信息。如果该国家列出了城市其他目的地,那么它们可能并未全都达到可用状态;或者该国家没有有效的地区结构和叙述所有抵达这里的典型方式的“抵达”段落。请勇往直前帮助它充实