英格兰是英国的四个构成国中最大的一个。It is also the most populous of the four with almost 52 million inhabitants (roughly 90% of the total population of the UK). On the island of Great Britain, Scotland sits to the north of England and Wales is to the west. Northern Ireland (also part of the UK) and the Republic of Ireland lie across the Irish Sea to the west of England (and Wales). France and the Channel Islands are across the English Channel to the south, and to the east is the North Sea.
英國最普遍分為三個部分, with deep historical and linguistic roots for each of them. These can be further divided into regions, which in turn consist of counties (most of which also have long histories, but have been revised in many cases for administrative reasons).
|South East England
Broadly speaking, the area around and south of London, including the territory along the English Channel.
The often-rugged peninsula extending southwest into the Atlantic and adjoining counties. Cornwall is sometimes considered a distinctive entity.
The English Midlands are roughly the area east of Wales and across to the North Sea.
|East of England
A low-lying territory northeast of London, mostly rural.
The geographic centre of England, reaching to the North Sea.
The industrial and rural area east of Wales.
Northern England is anywhere north of Staffordshire in the west and roughly north of the Humber river, in the east, up to the Scottish border.
被认为是英格兰风景最优美，种类最多，最有趣的英国传统乡镇。Regarded as one of the most scenic, varied and interesting of all the traditional counties.
|英格兰西北部（North West England）
大多数工业城市的所在地，也有着令人为之倾倒的景色，位于苏格兰和威尔士之间。Major industrial cities and breathtaking scenery between Wales and Scotland.
|英格兰东北部（North East England）
有着城市化的Teesside，Tyne和Wear郡，也有着人口稀少，拥有美丽乡村和海岸线，与苏格兰交接的Norththumberland。The urbanised areas of Teesside and Tyne and Wear plus the largely rural large county of Northumberland with its sparsely populated borders with Scotland and beautiful countryside and coastline.